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Chicago Notes/Bibliography (NB) Style: HIST 115, Dr. Karen Cook Bell

Disclaimer - What this guide is and is not

What this guide is...

The guide was developed especially for use by Bowie State University (BSU) students taking the African American History 115 course with instructor Dr. Karen Cook Bell. It includes links to other credible resources as well as original examples from guide creator and BSU librarian, Barbara Cheadle.

It is a quick reference (with examples) to the basics of using The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS) notes-bibliography system of citation. Because CMOS does not address some important formatting issues relevant to college-level course papers (Chicago style was developed to guide the formatting of books and journals) this guide answers those questions with information from Dr. Cook Bell's instructions for the course, and/or from Kate L. Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations.

What this guide is not...

The ultimate authority or comprehensive guide to Chicago Style or Turabian. Only the print and online resources published by the University of Chicago Press (Chicago style) and the Turabian manual are the ultimate authorities.  Always consult these resources for definitive answers to any style questions or dilemmas. 

Avoiding Plagiarism

Plagiarism is a combination of cheating and theft.  According to the Oxford English Dictionary Online (OED), the definition of plagiarism is:

 “The action or practice of
taking someone else's work,
idea, etc., and passing it off
as one's own; literary theft.”
(September 2012).

Often, especially for students inexperienced in writing scholarly papers, plagiarism is unintentional. However, whether intentional or unintentional, the consequences can be severe. So, be aware and be informed!  

“plagiarism, n.” (September 2012). In Oxford English dictionary online.Retrieved from

You are plagiarizing ...

  1. When you copy text from another source and pass it off as yours.
  2. When you pay for, or borrow, a paper that someone else wrote and you put your name on it. (And, no, editing it or changing a few words or sentences does not make it yours).
  3. When you "patchwrite" - that is, when you copy text from more than one source and put the parts together so that it looks new.
  4. When you re-use your own paper from a previous course without discussing it with your professor in advance.

Resources for Research & Writing